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The city of Mathura, in Uttar Pradesh, the nucleus of Brajbhoomi, is located at a distance of 145 km south-east of Delhi and 58 km north-west of Agra. Covering an area of about 3,800 sq. km., today, Brajbhoomi can be divided into two distinct units - the eastern part in the trans-Yamuna tract with places like Gokul, Mahavan, Baldeo, Mat and Bajna and the western side of the Yamuna covering the Mathura region that encompasses Vrindavan, Govardhan, Kusum Sarovar, Barsana and Nandgaon.

The land of Braj starts from Kotban near Hodel about 95 km from Delhi and ends at Runakuta which is known specially for its association with the poet Surdas, an ardent Krishna devotee.


A long line of picturesque ghats - with their steps leading to the water's edge, arched gateways and temple spires extending along the right bank of the River Yamuna, emphasise the sacred character of the town of Mathura. The birth place of Lord Krishna, "the best known, best loved and most complex of Lord Vishnu's manifestations" - Mathura is today an important place of pilgrimage.

An ancient city whose origins fade into the mists of history, Mathura's strategic location at the cross roads of various trade routes - that went westwards to West Asia and the Roman Empire; northwards, via Taxila, Pushkalavati and Purushapur to Central Asia and the Silk Route and eastwards to China - ensured its position as a centre of trade and a meeting point for varied cultures.

 
Tourism in Mathura - Vrindavan

Lord Krishna - He is easily the most popular person here. Every square foot of Mathura-Vrindavan is wrapped in timeless devotion to Lord Krishna, the evergreen hero of Hinduism, the lover of Radha, the cowherd-prince and the re-incarnation of Lord Vishnu. Mathura without Lord Krishna is like Bethlehem without Christ. Welcome to Brajbhoomi or Krishna-land.

Brajbhoomi - The city of Mathura in Uttar Pradesh , the nucleus of Brajbhoomi, is located at a distance of 145 km south-east of Delhi and 58 km north-west of Agra . Covering an area of about 3,800 sq. km., today, Brajbhoomi can be divided into two distinct units - the eastern part in the trans-Yamuna tract with places like Gokul, Mahavan, Baldeo, Mat and Bajna and the western side of the Yamuna covering the Mathura region that encompasses Vrindavan, Govardhan, Kusum Sarovar, Barsana and Nandgaon. In a nutshell, the land of Braj starts from Kotban near Hodel about 95 km from Delhi and ends at Runakuta which is known specially for its association with the poet Surdas, an ardent Krishna devotee.

An Ancient City - An ancient city, Mathura's strategic location at the cross roads of various trade routes - that went westwards to West Asia and the Roman Empire; northwards, via Taxila, Pushkalavati and Purushapur to Central Asia and the Silk Route and eastwards to China - ensured its position as a centre of trade and a meeting point for varied cultures. By the 5th century BC, during the time of Buddha, it was a major metropolis and the capital of the Surasena Kingdom. Mathura saw its `golden age' during the rule of the Kushanas and the able governance of rulers Kanishka, Huvishka, and Vasishka, when the arts flourished and economic wealth grew. It remained a centre of power during the Mauryan period, through the enlightened rule of Emperor Ashoka (3rd century BC) to the Gupta era (4th century AD).

 
Holy Land - It has often been said that it is easier to count the number of dust particles on the surface of the earth than to count the number of holy places in Mathura. Each of the Ghats, for instance, has its own Krishna myth. Here He rested after killing his evil and tyrannical uncle, King Kansa; This is where His mother tied him after he stole butter; This is the sacred grove where Krishna and Radha spent lazy, love-filled times - the list is endless. In Mathura-Vrindavan, it is difficult to know the dividing line between reality and myth. Vrindavan - The City Of Temples - Vrindavan, around 15 km from Mathura, is a major place of pilgrimage, on the banks of Yamuna. Attracting about 5 lac pilgrims every year, it is noted for its numerous temples- both old and modern. Vrindavan is synonymous with the innocent mirth and child like playfulness of Shri Krishna. Vrindavan, the dusty little town known for the temples, big and small, famous and remote strewn all over the place.
 
A Divine Career - Lord Krishna was born in a prison cell in Mathura. His father Vasudev aided by several celestial forces stole him out of Mathura, across the raging river Yamuna and into the house of Nand in Gokul. Krishna spent his early childhood here and revealed the first signs of his divinity. His uncle Kansa's muderous attempts forced Krishna to leave Gokul and move to Nandgaon, a more secure home high up on a hill. From here, the adolescent Krishna, the cowherd, would wander into the Vrindavan forests to play with his friends and dally with Radha, his lady love. Vrindavan, is still a transcendental world, a place of Krishna's leela, (play), of deep eroticism and an archetypal connection to nature. Each tree in the area speaks, as it were, of the love of the divine couple.
 
Forest
Vrindavan Forest - It is the 12th forest of Braja Mandala and is considered the most auspicious. Covering an area of extends 57 km, It extends from the present city of Vrindavana to Nandagram and Varsana on one side and to Govardhana on the other. The favourite forest of Lord Krishna, was here that He would play His transcendental flute, thus calling all the beautiful gopis to come and enjoy the wonderful rasa-lila, the divine dance of love. The rasa-mandala (place of the rasa dance) has a parameter of 16 km (9 miles). It is a semicircle, with the Yamuna flowing on one side. Within this forest is Radha Kunda.
 
"In Braja the land is divided into various vanas (forests). The forests total twelve, and their extension is estimated to be 84 krosas (168 miles). Of these, the special forest known as Vrindavana is located from the present municipal city of Vrindavana to the village called Nandagram." (Caitanya Caritamrita Madhya 21.29 purport)
 
Lake Of Tears Or Mansarovar - is a rare wetland grove and bird sanctuary, roughly 5 acres in size, a few miles across the Yamuna River from Vrindavan. Local tradition has it that the lake was formed from the tears of Radha when she feared she had lost Krishna. A solitary image of her is worshipped in a small shrine beside the lake. An atmosphere of desolation among the surrounding aged bowers heightens the remote beauty of this place. Pilgrims throng here throughout the spring and autumn seasons. But the real visitors to Manasarovar are the birds. Crowds of waterfowl and heron, the Sarus Crane, a bird revered in Braj, visit this place.
 
Museum
Government Museum - The rich treasure of antiquarian values unearthed by Cunningham, Grouse, Fuhrer and others formed the nucleus of this museum.
 

SHOPPING IN MATHURA - VRINDAVAN
Shopping Specialties
Marble & Alabaster products
Glass beads, bangles

Milk Based Sweets

 
ENTERTAINMENT
Multiplex and no. of Malls available in the city.
 

CULTURE OF MATHURA - VRINDAVAN

Devotional Art
About a half a century ago, celebrity artist Kanhai Chitrakar started a tradition of making gem-studded gold paintings at North Indian pilgrim city of Vrindavan. The artistic and cultural heritage of Vrindavan revolves around Radha and Krishna. Kanhai Chitrakar responded to this ethereal beckoning when he came here half a century ago and started the glittering tradition of gold paintings.what charms connoisseurs the most, is the life-like expressions of the figures, the bhav or emotion that light up their faces. Together with the serene backgrounds, these paintings arouse spirituality. What's more, these works are believed to emit an aura which bestows a sense of profound peace and tranquility. They are supposed to usher in good luck and prosperity to the family of the owner.
 
 
Language spoken : Hindi, English and Brajbhasha
 
GETTING TO MATHURA - VRINDAVAN
CLIMATE
Summer : 48 - 22 degrees Celsius
Winter : 26- 6 degrees Celsius
Rainfall : 65 Cms (June to September)
 
HOW TO GET THERE Your browser may not support display of this image.
 
By Road: Mathura is connected to all the major cities, either historical or religious, via the National Highways. It is linked by the regular state bus services of Uttar Pradesh , Madhya Pradesh , Rajasthan and Haryana .
 
By Bus: Mathura has two bus stands; the Old Bus Stand, near Holi Gate, has hourly connections to Agra and serves Govardhan, 25km west, while the New Bus Stand, to the west is used by Delhi and Jaipur buses as well as from Agra.
 
Vrindavan is connected to Mathura and all other places of interest in Braj by rail and bus services and is on direct road link from Delhi & Agra. Getting to Vrindavan from Mathura is straightforward; frequent buses, shared tempos, and taxis ply the route and three local trains leave Mathura Junction each day for the station in the south of Vrindavan .
 
By Rail: Mathura is on the main lines of the Central and Western Railways and is connected with all the important cities of the state and country such as Delhi, Agra , Mumbai , Jaipur, Gwalior , Kolkatta, Hyderabad, Chennai , Lucknow
 
The city's principal railway station, Mathura Junction, is around 4 km from Holi Gate and the old city. It's on the main Delhi-Agra line, 2hr 30min from Delhi on the fast Taj Express #2179, and only 30 minutes short of Agra.
 
Mathura is also served by several Delhi-Mumbai trains such as the Punjab Mail #1038 via Agra and the super-fast August Kranti Rajdhani Express #2953 (daily except Wednesdays). Both Rajdhani and Pashchim Express #2925 stop at Sawai Madhopur (if you're heading for the wildlife park of Ranthambore) and Kota.
 
Air: Nearest airport is Kheria (Agra), 62 km, as well as Delhi Airport which is 155 km away
 
Kosi Kalan is a city and a municipal board in Mathura district in the Indian state of Uttar Pradesh

Kosi Kalan is a beautiful town situated in BrijBhoomi. Town was named Kosi for being treasury of NandBaba (as Kosh means Treasure). This small town is a hub of cultural and commercial activities.

 
The town is situated on the Delhi-Agra highway(NH-2)at 100km milestone. The town is equally famous for its varied culture(since it is situated at tri-junction of UP, rajasthan and haryana) as for its industrial development. The first commercial industry named "Venus Industries", an Alarm and Wall clock factory, was opend here in the 1960's. The Kosi Industrial Area boasts of some renowned names like Pepsico, SAW(Jindal), Pasupati fabrics ltd, Shamken Spinners, Vacmet ltd, SEM Infotech etc.
 
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